La bella Venezia!
This program deals with some of the fantastic music that could be heard in and outside the great St. Mark’s Basilica in Venice – the large polyphonic pieces inside the church, and music largely used for the famous carnival played outside on the Square. The programme is made and performed as a collaboration between Ole Kristian Andersen and his Alta Punta and Bjarte Eike’s Barokksolistene.
The Renaissance is dominated by the Flemish-Dutch school of composers and it is during this time that music’s first globalization takes place: Within the first part of the 16th century a large number of Flemish musicians and kapellmeisters were exported to Italy. The most famous ones are Orlando di Lasso, Adrian Willaert and Cypriano di Rore. This happens on such a large scale that the phenomenon gets its own deignation, ”oltremontani” (those from the other side of the mountain = The Alps). In St. Mark’s Adrian Willaert developed the tradition of using antiphonal eight-part music divided into two separate choirs – a tradition that culminated with Giovanni Gabrieli’s extreme use of many voices divided into many separate choirs (a choir could also consist of a group of instrumentalists).
Gabrieli, having studied with the famous Orlando di Lasso, marks the beginning of the ”oltramontani” movement in vice versa; he attracted a huge amount of students from all over Europe (like Mogens Pedersøn and Heinrich Schütz), and his music and philosophy was exported to many countries. This oltremontani-effect going the other way (Italy exporting music and musicians to the rest of Europe) would put its mark on the European musical life throughout the 17th century and way into the 18th.
Lodovico Grosso da Viadana(c.1560-1627); Sinfonia La Veneziana à 8 (1610)
Giovanni Gabrieli (1557-1612): Benedicam Dominum à 10 (1597)
Claudio Monteverdi(1567-1643); Nigra Sum (1610)
Giorgio Mainerio (c.1532-1585): Ungarescha & Saltarello (1576)
Adrian Willaert (c.1490-1562); Vecchie letrose (SATB) (1545)
Giorgio Mainerio ; Tedesca.
Claudio Monteverdi; Zefiro torna (1632)
Adrian Willaert; O Magnum Mysterium (1532)
Giovanni Gabrieli; Canzon noni toni à 12 (1597)
Orlando di Lasso (1532-94): Susanne un jour (1567)
Giovanni Gabrieli; Sonata à tre violini (1615)
Orlando di Lasso: O la,o che bon eccho! à 8 (1581)
Giorgio Mainerio: Ballo Anglese , saltarello, Putta nera, Schiarazula marazula
Orlando di Lasso: Ecco la nimph’Ebrayca chiamata (1581)
Giovanni Gabrieli (1557-1612): Canzon septimi toni à 8 I (1597)
Jacobus Gallus (1550-91) ; Mirabile misterium à 5 (1590)
Giovanni Gabrieli; Maria Virgo à 10
© Barokksolistene and Alta Punta